Written by 10:16 pm Std.12 English

Std.12thI English – History of Novels 1 (Important Points Notes)

This is the first novel of 12 th English syllabus, following notes, summary and points will be helpful to understand the novel.

history of novel std12 English

Main Points


‘Novel’ this word is derived from Italian word ‘novella’ means new.
Italian word Novella means new

Name of novelist                                                                                      Novel




Morten De Arthur.

 3]Geoffrey ChaucerThe Canterbury Tales
 4]Murasaki Shikibu’s the world’s first novel“ Tale of Genji’
 5]Miguel de CervantesDon Quixote, European first novel

After 1740, Novel originated as the literary form in England .

 6]John Bunyan’s

The Pilgrim’s progress

 7]Aphra Behn


 8]Jonathan Swift’s

Gulliver’s Travel

 9]Samuel Richardson

Pamela, Virtue Rewarded, Clarrisa


Immigrant authors

Salman Rushdie

V.S Naipul, Kazno Ishigura


Francs Burney ( Woman Novelist)


Mary Shelley (woman novelist)

 14]Bronte sisters( woman novelist)

The wuthering Heights, Jane Eyre.

 15]Virginia Woolf

Pioneer of stream of consciousness

 16]Agastha Christie 

Miss Marple ,Herculin Poirot (novel based on crime)

 17]Bankim Chandra chottopadnya

Rajmohan’s wife

(First novel in English by an Indian)


Famous Novella (shorter than novel and longer than short story)

A] Henry James
B] Herman Melville
C] Thomas Mann
D] Saul Bellow
E] John Steinbeck

The Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conard

The turn of – screw
Billy Bud
Death in Venice
Seize The Day

Elements of  Novel/  Novella

Elements of Novel

1 Theme – It is the central idea of Novel. Factors are related to each other by the author

2  Plot – It is the story that make up the theme. It may be simple or complex.


3  Character – Protagonist, is the main character ,  antagonist can be called as villain who conflicts with the protagonist


4 Setting – It is the background in which the story takes place, it includes place , period , time, climate , weather and lifestyle.


5  Conflict ; It is the struggle between the opposite forces in the story. It invites interest and curiosity in the novel.


6  Language/style – language and technique used the author for the course of events is known as style.


Types of Novel

 Types of Novels

1 Realistic Novel.

It gives effect or realism which is also called as novel of manner. The characters in this novel interact with other characters and experience daily events.


2  Picaresque  novel (Picaro- means dishonest)

Here the main character or protagonist is eccentric or disrespectful person but active in adventures.

3  Historical novel

Such novel is a novel which is set in a period earlier than that of writing.


4  Epistolary Novel

Epistolary means letter. Letters are the most common basis of such novel, diary entries are also a popular form of such type.


5  Gothic Novel

 Such novel is based on terror, mystery, horror, thriller or haunted buildings.


6  Autobiographical Novel

( Such novel is based on the life of author in first person). It may or may not be in the first person 

7  Allegorical Novel

(surface meaning is different from symbolic meaning)

8 Utopian Novel/Dystopian Novel

It is  mostly science or speculative fiction related to imaginary community

9  Psychological Novel

(internal life of protagonist)

10  Stream of consciousness


William James coined this term in his  Principles of Psychology. Here the novelist narrates them as they enter the mind of the character.

11 Bildungsroman Novel (growth)

Such novel is Concerned with the growth of the protagonist’s Mind

Elements of Novel or Novella:


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