‘Novel’ this word is derived from Italian word ‘novella’ means new.
Name of novelist Novel
Morten De Arthur.
|3]||Geoffrey Chaucer||The Canterbury Tales|
|4]||Murasaki Shikibu’s the world’s first novel||“ Tale of Genji’|
|5]||Miguel de Cervantes||Don Quixote, European first novel|
After 1740, Novel originated as the literary form in England .
The Pilgrim’s progress
Pamela, Virtue Rewarded, Clarrisa
V.S Naipul, Kazno Ishigura
Francs Burney ( Woman Novelist)
Mary Shelley (woman novelist)
|14]||Bronte sisters( woman novelist)|
The wuthering Heights, Jane Eyre.
Pioneer of stream of consciousness
Miss Marple ,Herculin Poirot (novel based on crime)
|17]||Bankim Chandra chottopadnya|
(First novel in English by an Indian)
Famous Novella (shorter than novel and longer than short story)
The Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conard
Elements of Novel/ Novella
Elements of Novel
1 Theme – It is the central idea of Novel. Factors are related to each other by the author
2 Plot – It is the story that make up the theme. It may be simple or complex.
3 Character – Protagonist, is the main character , antagonist can be called as villain who conflicts with the protagonist
4 Setting – It is the background in which the story takes place, it includes place , period , time, climate , weather and lifestyle.
5 Conflict ; It is the struggle between the opposite forces in the story. It invites interest and curiosity in the novel.
6 Language/style – language and technique used the author for the course of events is known as style.
|Types of Novel|
Types of Novels
1 Realistic Novel.
It gives effect or realism which is also called as novel of manner. The characters in this novel interact with other characters and experience daily events.
2 Picaresque novel (Picaro- means dishonest)
Here the main character or protagonist is eccentric or disrespectful person but active in adventures.
3 Historical novel
Such novel is a novel which is set in a period earlier than that of writing.
4 Epistolary Novel
Epistolary means letter. Letters are the most common basis of such novel, diary entries are also a popular form of such type.
5 Gothic Novel
Such novel is based on terror, mystery, horror, thriller or haunted buildings.
6 Autobiographical Novel
( Such novel is based on the life of author in first person). It may or may not be in the first person
7 Allegorical Novel
(surface meaning is different from symbolic meaning)
8 Utopian Novel/Dystopian Novel
It is mostly science or speculative fiction related to imaginary community
9 Psychological Novel
(internal life of protagonist)
10 Stream of consciousness
William James coined this term in his Principles of Psychology. Here the novelist narrates them as they enter the mind of the character.
11 Bildungsroman Novel (growth)
Such novel is Concerned with the growth of the protagonist’s Mind
Elements of Novel or Novella: