The word which is used instead of noun is called pronoun.
Ram plays cricket.
He plays cricket.
They / Them
One Category Pronoun:
*He, him, his, himself
*She, her, herself
*We, our, ourselves
*They, them, themselves, their
*it, they, itself
Types of Pronoun
1. Personal Pronouns:
Pronouns are used to avoid repetition of nouns.
For Ex. I, He, She, It, You, They, We etc.
2. Reflexive Pronouns:
In this case, the subject does action to itself / himself / herself expressed in the
form of self or selves.
Note: Singular – self
Plural – selves
For Ex. I did it myself.
She finished it herself.
He prepared it himself.
They hurt themselves.
The people troubled themselves.
3. Emphatic Pronouns:
Here the subject stresses the action. In this case, such pronouns are used adjoining
to noun or pronoun.
For Ex. I myself did it.
She herself finished it.
He himself prepared it.
They themselves hurt their feelings.
4. Demonstrative Pronouns:
These pronouns are used to indicate the place or the person.
Note: This / These are used to indicate near place or person.
That / those are used to indicate for place or person.
For Ex. 1. This is a temple. (Near)
2. These are temples. (Near)
3. That is a temple. (For)
4. Those are temples. (For)
5. Exclamatory Pronouns:
What! don’t you know.
What! Still here!
6. Interrogative Pronouns:
Whom do you want?
What do you expect?
Who is there?
7. Indefinite Pronouns:
Here pronouns are referred in a general way not referring to particular person or
For Ex. One, None, All, They, Few, a few, Other, Everybody, anyone
8. Distributive Pronoun:
Each, either, neither are called as distributive persons or things one at a time.
9. Relative Pronouns:
These are the pronouns which relate or refers to noun (antecedent)
For Ex. 1. I saw a man whom I knew.
2. Here is the report which you expert.
3. This is the place that I like.
Note: Who, whom, whose, that, which, they etc. are the relative pronouns.