Written by 9:56 pm Grammar For All

Gender- Its Types and Rules

Here are the types of genders and its rules of formation of genders

Gender - Types and Rules

1] The noun that denotes a male animal is called masculine Gender
Ex : Boy, lion, tiger , sir , horse

2] The noun that denotes a female animal is called feminine gender
Ex: Girl, lioness, tigress, madam,

3] The noun that denotes either a male or a female is called common gender

Ex. Teacher, doctor, thief, cousin.

4] The noun that denotes a thing, better say, a lifeless thing that is neither male or female is called neuter gender

Ex. Table, fan, train, etc.

Rules or Features of forming the feminine of Nouns

Rule-1 By adding -ess,

MasculineFeminine
LionLioness
AuthorAuthoress
LionLioness
JewJewess
MayorMayoress
PoetPoetess
PriestPriestess
HunterHuntress
EmperorEmpress
TigerTigress
WaiterWaitress
NegroNegress
Dukeduchess
PrincePrincess

Rule -2 By applying entirely different word

MasculineFeminine
StagHind
FatherMother
SonDaughter
SirMadam
WizardWitch
KingQueen
HartRoe
HorseMare
Gandergoose
BoyGirl
DogBitch
DroneBee
RamEwe
MonkNun
LordLady
LandlordLandlady
OxCow
BuckDoe
ManWoman
CockHen
EarlCountess
NephewNiece
PaternalMaternal
UncleAunt

Rule-3 By applying a word before or after

Landlordlandlady
PeacockPeahen
Milkmanmilk woman
ManservantMaidservant
GrandfatherGrandmother
Cock sparrowHen sparrow

Some important Features:

Sometimes objects are personified, it means, they are given human qualities . In that case, some objects are regarded as male or female.

Rule-1

The objects like sun, summer, time death are considered or regarded as male when they are personified.
For ex :The sun shows his power.

Rule-2

The objects like Nature, hope, charity moon, earth, autumn ship are considered feminine gender respecting their grace, beauty, etc.

For ex : 1. Nature reveals her beauty.
2. The moon shows her grace on everyone.

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